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Glaucoma vs Cataracts – Know The Difference

Glaucoma and cataracts are both eye conditions that can lead to vision loss. While they have some similarities, there are also important differences between the two. Understanding these differences is crucial for getting the right treatment. Keep reading to learn more about glaucoma vs cataracts.

What Are Glaucoma and Cataracts?

Glaucoma and cataracts are two eye conditions that can cause severe vision loss or even blindness if left untreated. Glaucoma is a condition which is what happens when there is an increase in pressure in the eye, which ends up causing damage to the optic nerve. Cataracts, on the other hand, are caused by a build-up of proteins on the lens of your eye, leading to cloudy vision. While glaucoma poses a much greater threat to your sight than cataracts, both require regular check-ups and treatment plans devised by an ophthalmologist.

What Is the Difference Between Glaucoma and Cataracts

Glaucoma and cataracts are two of the most common eye conditions that can cause vision impairment in people, but although they have many similarities, there are distinct differences between them. Glaucoma is a buildup of pressure caused by an imbalance in eye fluids that results in damage to the optic nerve. Cataracts occur when the proteins in the lens begin to break down, losing transparency and causing blurriness or a complete loss of vision. 

Treatment for glaucoma includes medication, laser treatments, and surgery whereas cataract surgery is required to remove the clouded lens and replace it with an artificial one. Each condition requires careful monitoring to prevent future complications and preserve your sight.

What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma and Cataracts

Glaucoma and Cataracts are serious eye conditions that can have a big impact on someone’s vision. Common symptoms of Glaucoma include a gradual loss of side vision, changes in the color of your iris, blurry areas near the center of your vision field, and eye redness. Cataracts occur when the lens inside our eyes becomes cloudy and causes blurred vision or even blindness. With Cataracts, patients may experience hazy or blurry vision as well as light sensitivity and frequent changes in glasses prescription. An important symptom for detecting cataracts is poor night vision. 

While both conditions affect eyesight, vision loss caused by cataracts can be reversed. On the other hand, glaucoma tends to cause irreparable blindness if left untreated, which is why it is important to do all the necessary tests for glaucoma as soon as the symptoms are experienced.

Treatment for Glaucoma and Cataracts

Both glaucoma and cataracts are serious but treatable conditions of the eye. Treatment for glaucoma typically involves medication like eye drops or pills, or surgery to remove fluid from within the eye. On the other hand, since cataracts occur due to imperfections forming on the lens of the eye, it requires surgery to replace the lens and improve vision. Anyone who suspects they may have either of these diseases should contact their doctor for an evaluation as soon as possible, as both can lead to severe vision impairment if left untreated.

Who Is More Prone to Suffering From Glaucoma or Cataracts?

Those who are aged over forty, have a family history of the disease, or have diabetes or hypertension are more likely to suffer from glaucoma or cataracts. Weaker eyesight also increases one’s susceptibility, as does exposure to ultraviolet light. People of Indigenous descent have an especially high chance of being affected, while African Americans and Latinos may face more severe forms of eye diseases. Preventative steps such as avoiding smoking and getting regular eye checkups can go a long way in staving off the development of these potentially debilitating conditions.


Early detection of glaucoma and cataracts is important for maintaining vision into old age. If you are experiencing any symptoms, please consult your doctor immediately. With proper treatment, many people with glaucoma or cataracts can maintain their vision.

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