Healthy nails appear to be smooth and have a consistent color. With age, the nails start to develop vertical ridges, the color of nails can change, and they may become more brittle. It is harmless. The presence of spots due to any injury grows out with the nail.
Various abnormalities, including discoloration, spots, and nail separation, can result in infection and nail injury.
Some medical conditions can also result in a change of appearance of your nail. However, interpreting these changes can be difficult. The appearance of a fingernail is not enough for the diagnosis of any illness. The dermatologists and doctors examine the condition to make a diagnosis and also focus on other symptoms.
Some of the fingernail abnormalities include
- Discoloration of the nail.
- Change in the thickness of the nail.
- Bleeding around the nail.
- Swelling of the skin around the nail area.
- The separation of the nail from the skin.
- Presence of pits on nails
Various conditions can cause changes in the nail. You can visit a nail specialist dermatology clinic. The nail and hair clinics have highly experienced professionals. They diagnose the hair disorder and monitor the response of treatment.
Here is a brief description of some of the conditions that, if you notice, consult the dermatologist.
If a fingernail is changing color and you observe dark streaks, you should see a dermatologist to check the signs of cancer. The dark steak can be melanoma, the most severe form of skin cancer.
Through every dark steak is not a sign of melanoma, getting the nail checked by a dermatologist is highly suggested. Because the cancer is diagnosed early, it becomes easy to treat it.
A nail lift is a situation in which the nail of your finger or toe starts to lift and is no longer fully attached to the skin. If the nail is lifted, you will notice a white discoloration. The causes for nail lift up include
- A fungal infection.
- Injury due to machinery.
- Injury from cleaning up the nails with a sharp object.
- Psoriasis is also a cause of nail lift up.
The dermatologist examines the reason for the nail lift up and clears if there is any infection. The dermatologist can also give you tips on how you can grow new nails normally.
Swelling Around the Nail
The redness and inflammation around the nail are quite common, and there are various reasons for it, including infection, nail damage, injury, and others. If you get it diagnosed early, the infection will not spread and can be treated with antibiotics.
Dents on the Nail
If you have dents on your nails that appear as they are made with an ice pick, it can be a sign of disease that affects the entire body. There primary reasons for the presence of pits on nail include
- Alopecia areata
- Atopic dermatitis
If you observe dents on your nails, you should consult a specialist. For examination of your condition, visit a nail specialist dermatology clinic so that dermatologists can diagnose and help you in preventing the disease from worsening.
Presence of Greenish Color
The appearance of the greenish color on the nail can be due to bacterial infection. The infection can get worse if not treated on time. The treatment can help to get rid of the pain and tenderness. The dermatologist clears the infection and cleans the whole nail area.
Having yellow nails is also quite common in people. It happens by applying nail polish without a base coating, or if you smoke, your nails can turn yellow. If your nails get yellow and thick and stop growing, it can be a sign of ailment or illness.
Rheumatoid arthritis and lung disease is also a reason for yellow nails. You can also have a serious nail infection that requires treatment.
Deep Gaps in Nails
Sometimes lines appear on the nails. You do not need to worry about them. If you observe deep grooves and show some pinch inside, that means your nail is not growing anyone.
When the nail stops growing completely, the nail appears to be groovy, and you can observe a gap in the mid-nail area.
Medically, this condition is known as onychomadesis. This condition occurs as a result of injury, fever of chemotherapy, or any major stress causing the nail to grow slowly or stop growing at all.
If you do not have an idea what caused your nail to grow slowly, you should see a dermatologist get to know the cause and get rid of it so that your nail can start to grow normally.
Thin Nails with Spoon-Shaped Appearance
Having thin nails that dip in the middle and look like a spoon can be the reason for iron deficiency. If you are not getting enough iron, then your nail may give a spoon-shaped appearance.
- Iron deficiency occurs due to reasons like.
- Lack of nutrition from diet.
- The health problem with the intestine or stomach.
- Gluten sensitivity.
- High altitude.
Curving of the nail is a gradual process, and many people are unaware when their nails go through curving. When the nails continue to grow and curve downward, the skin can start to swell around the nail, and the nails start to feel squishy and cushiony when pressed on.
When you observe curved fingernails, it is time to consult a certified dermatologist. Through curved nails can be harmless, and they run in families, but they can also be the indication of disease in
If you observe any abnormality in your nails, rather it is related to the conditions mentioned above or any other form. Consult a dermatologist to get treatment on time.